Malaria is the leading cause of death in Mozambique, accounting for 29 percent of all deaths and 42 percent of deaths among children under five years old. Children under 5 years of age have a national prevalence rate of 51.5 percent and pregnant women have a national prevalence rate of 17.9 percent. The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) works in coordination with the Ministry of Health (MISAU) and the National Malaria Control Program (PNCM). 100% of Mozambique’s population is at risk of malaria.
An 11.5 percent national HIV prevalence rate necessitates that Community Health Peace Corps Volunteers in Mozambique focus on HIV/AIDS prevention as their primary activity; however, in 2012 PCVs plan to include malaria prevention in their service by
- integrating malaria prevention education into routine home visits to HIV positive people and OCVs (orphans and vulnerable children;
- working with organizations to help with bed net distributions, indoor spraying campaigns, and other behavior change campaigns;
- integrating malaria prevention lessons and games into youth development group activities; and
- incorporating malaria prevention education into secondary education lesson plans.
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